The collapse of the Silicon Valley Bank is causing shockwaves around the world.
From winemakers in California to start-ups across the Atlantic Ocean, companies are scrambling to figure out how to manage their finances after their bank suddenly shut down on Friday.
The meltdown means distress not only for businesses but also for all their workers whose paycheques may get tied up in the chaos.
California governor Gavin Newsom said on Saturday that he is talking with the White House to help “stabilise the situation as quickly as possible, to protect jobs, people’s livelihoods, and the entire innovation ecosystem that has served as a tent pole for our economy”.
US customers with less than 250,000 US dollars in the bank can count on insurance provided by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp.
That includes customers like Circle, a big player in the cryptocurrency industry.
It said it has about 3.3 billion US dollars of the roughly 40 billion US dollars in reserves for its USDC coin at SVB.
That caused USD Coin’s value, which tries to stay firmly at $1, to briefly plunge below 87 cents Saturday.
It later rose back above 97 cents, according to CoinDesk.
Across the Atlantic, start-up companies woke up Saturday to find SVB’s UK business will stop making payments or accepting deposits.
The Bank of England said late on Friday that it will put Silicon Valley Bank UK in its insolvency procedure, which will pay out eligible depositors up to £170,000 (204,544 US dollars) for joint accounts “as quickly as possible”.
“We know that there are a large number of start-ups and investors in the ecosystem who have significant exposure to SVB UK and will be very concerned,” Dom Hallas, executive director of Coadec, which represents British start-ups, said on Twitter.
He cited “concern and panic”.
The Bank of England said SVB UK’s assets would be sold to pay creditors.
It is not just start-ups feeling the pain.
The bank’s collapse is having an effect on another important California industry: fine wines.
“This is a huge disappointment,” said winemaker Jasmine Hirsch, the general manager of Hirsch Vineyards in California’s Sonoma County.
Ms Hirsch said she expects her business will be fine.
But she has worried about the broader effects for smaller vintners looking for lines of credit to plant new vines.
“They really understand the wine business,” Ms Hirsch said.
“The disappearance of this bank, as one of the most important lenders, is absolutely going to have an effect on the wine industry, especially in an environment where interest rates have gone up.”
In Seattle, Shelf Engine chief executive Stefan Kalb found himself immersed in emergency meetings devoted to figuring how to meet payroll instead of focusing on his start-up company’s business of helping grocers manage their food orders.
“It’s been a brutal day. We literally have every single penny in Silicon Valley Bank,” Mr Kalb said on Friday, pegging the deposit amount that is now tied up at millions of dollars.
He is filing a claim for the 250,000 US dollar limit, but that will not be enough to keep paying Shelf Engine’s 40 employees for long.
That could force him into a decision about whether to begin furloughing employees until the mess is cleaned up.
“I’m just hoping the bank gets sold during the weekend,” Mr Kalb said.
Tara Fung, co-founder and chief executive of tech startup Co:Create that helps launch digital loyalty and rewards programs, said her firm uses multiple banks besides Silicon Valley Bank so was able switch over its payroll and vendor payments to another bank Friday.
Ms Fung said her firm chose the bank as a partner because it is the “gold standard for tech firms and banking partnerships”, and she was upset that some people seemed to be gloating about its failure and unfairly tying it to doubts about cryptocurrency ventures.
San Francisco-based employee performance management company Confirm.com was among the Silicon Valley Bank depositors that rushed to pull their money out before regulators seized the bank.
Co-founder David Murray credits an email from one of Confirm’s venture capital investors, which urged the company to withdraw its funds “immediately,” citing signs of a run on the bank.
Such actions accelerated the flight of cash, which led to the bank’s collapse.
“I think a lot of founders were sharing the logic that, you know, there’s no downside to pulling up the money to be safe,” Mr Murray said.
“And so we all did that, hence the bank run.”
One of his companies, Overture Life, which employs about 50 people, had some 1.5 million US dollars in deposits in the financially embattled bank but can rely on other holdings elsewhere to meet payroll.
But other companies have high percentages of their cash in Silicon Valley Bank, and they need access to more than the amount protected by the FDIC.
“If the government allows people to take at least half of the money they have in Silicon Valley Bank next week, I think everything will be fine,” Mr Varsavsky said.
“But if they stick to the 250,000 US dollars, it will be an absolute disaster in which so many companies won’t be able to meet payroll.”
Andrew Alexander, a calculus teacher at a private San Francisco high school that uses Silicon Valley Bank, was not overly worried.
His next paycheque is not scheduled for another two weeks, and he is confident many of the issues can be resolved by then.
But he worries for friends whose livelihoods are more deeply intertwined with the tech industry and Silicon Valley.
“I have a lot of friends in the startup world who are just like terrified,” Mr Alexander said, “and I really feel for them.
“It’s pretty scary for them.”