Australians and New Zealanders gathered at dawn services and street marches at home and further afield to commemorate war dead on Anzac Day.
The two countries mark Anzac Day on April 25 each year – the date in 1915 when Australia and New Zealand Army Corps landed on the beaches of Gallipoli in north west Turkey, the start of an ill-fated First World War campaign.
Prime minister Anthony Albanese spoke to more than 30,000 people who gathered at the Australian War Memorial in the capital Canberra for the first Anzac Day since his government was elected almost a year ago.
“Gallipoli is just one battle in our history, but in all its stories of valour and resilience, in its simple truth of Australians looking out for each other no matter how bad things got, it has come to stand for something so much bigger in our collective heart,” he said.
The report recommended increased Australian defence spending and a rapid embrace of missile technology to strike targets at longer ranges.
While veterans of the two world wars dominated Anzac Day services and marches for decades, their descendants and unrelated younger generations have taken their place, defying an expectation that the tradition might die with the veterans.
Veterans affairs minister Matt Keogh, who represented his government at the Gallipoli dawn service, said: “What we’ve really seen Anzac Day become is not just about one conflict, it’s now a day where we commemorate not just those that died but all those people that have served in our uniform on our behalf in conflict.”
“Usually they don’t say anything – it’s like it’s the forgotten war,” she said.
“I’m really proud of my father. He passed away eight years ago. It’s a special day. We used to always watch him march,” she added.
As well as 70 years since Australia’s involvement in the Korean War ended, this year’s ceremonies also commemorated 50 years since the last Australian forces withdrew from the Vietnam War.
Dawn services and marches were also held across New Zealand and in northern France.