Republicans and Democrats showed no signs of ending their stand-off over immigration and spending as Americans woke up to the first day of a government shutdown.
Congress staged a weekend session to show voters it was trying to resolve the stalemate, which led to the closure of many government agencies in a striking display of Washington dysfunction.
However, the day – the first anniversary of Donald Trump’s inauguration as president – was marked more by finger-pointing than signs of bipartisan deal-making.
Mr Trump made light of the debacle in a tweet that Democrats “wanted to give me a nice present” to mark the start of his second year in office.
The president spoke with Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell to discuss the next possible steps, while chief of staff John Kelly also sought an agreement.
White House negotiators, legislative affairs director Marc Short and budget chief Mick Mulvaney, went to Capitol Hill to meet with House Republicans, who emerged holding fast to their stance they would not negotiate while the government was closed down.
Democrats have insisted they would back legislation reopening the government once there is a bipartisan agreement to preserve protections against deporting about 700,000 immigrants who arrived in the US illegally as children. Each party believes it has a winning political hand, and the day’s first words by party leaders underscored that so far, neither side believe it is time to give ground.
Mr McConnell said: “The American people cannot begin to understand why the Senate Democratic leader thinks the entire government should be shut down until he gets his way on illegal immigration.”
Senate minority leader Chuck Schumer said voters will fault Mr Trump and his party. He blamed the president for reneging on a near-deal that Mr Schumer said the two men had approached during a White House meeting on Friday.
“Negotiating with President Trump is like negotiating with Jell-O,” Mr Schumer said.
Though the House and Senate were in session on Saturday, it was unclear whether legislators would take any votes of consequence.
Democrats said they oppose the three-week plan, viewing it as a way to stall negotiations over the future of the “Dreamers” immigrants, whose protections expire in March. Republicans declared they would not reopen talks until the government shutdown ends, a strategy aimed at trying to erode Democratic cohesion.
Social Security and most other safety-net programs are unaffected by the lapse in federal spending authority. Critical government functions will continue, with uniformed service members, health inspectors and law enforcement officers set to work without pay. But if no deal is reached before Monday, hundreds of thousands of federal employees will be furloughed.